Mango a native to Southeast Asia from India to the Philippines and was introduced to East Africa in the 14th Century. Currently, most mango exports are air – freighted. However, sea freight is becoming increasingly important. The main market for Kenyan exports is in the Middle East countries. Other markets include Holland, U.K, Belgium, South Africa, Germany and France.
Production in Kenya has also expanded with new planting of bright colored varieties. Production in Kenya has expanded from lowland areas to coffee zones due to the introduction of a wide range of varieties.
Popular varieties grown in Kenya include the Apple and Ngowe which are preferred in the Middle East, while European markets prefer bright colored fruits like Kent
The fruit is ovate and the colour of the skin is greenish – yellow. Fruits mature late, the last in the season and are large weighing 600-900g especially from young trees. Fruits on older trees tend to weigh less (500-750g) due to fruit load on the tree. The flesh is fiber-less, sweet and has good flavor.
This variety is adapted to costal and lowland areas, and is very susceptible to rust in high altitude areas. Fruits are large, round and apple shaped with rich yellow-orange to red colour.
They are fleshy, juicy fibreless and with firm texture and maturesearly in the season between November and January.
Fruits have an average weight of 500g
This is also a coastal variety, but can also be grown in medium altitude areas. It’s an early maturing variety and fruits turn yellow.